A trailer control valve, also known as a trailer brake control valve or trailer brake valve, is an essential component in the braking system of a trailer or a combination vehicle. It plays a crucial role in controlling and regulating the operation of the trailer's braking system, ensuring safe and efficient braking performance.
Function and Operation:
The primary function of a trailer control valve is to modulate the application and release of the trailer's brakes in coordination with the towing vehicle. It receives signals from the towing vehicle's braking system and adjusts the air pressure supplied to the trailer's brake chambers accordingly.
When the driver of the towing vehicle applies the brakes, the trailer control valve responds by proportionally increasing the air pressure to the trailer's brake chambers, activating the brakes. This action allows the trailer to slow down or come to a complete stop in synchronization with the towing vehicle.
Key Features and Components:
Control Lever: The trailer control valve typically features a control lever that the driver can operate manually. By adjusting the position of the control lever, the driver can control the amount of braking force applied to the trailer.
Air Inlet: The valve has an air inlet port where the compressed air from the towing vehicle's braking system is supplied. This incoming air pressure is used to activate the trailer's braking system.
Proportional Valve: The trailer control valve incorporates a proportional valve mechanism that regulates the amount of air pressure delivered to the trailer's brake chambers. This proportional action ensures that the braking force applied to the trailer is proportional to the braking force applied to the towing vehicle, maintaining a balanced and controlled braking action.
Relay Valve: Some trailer control valves may include a relay valve as part of their design. The relay valve helps in modulating and distributing the air pressure to the various brake chambers of the trailer, ensuring uniform and synchronized braking across all wheels.